||Lord Adam de Kari, Baron of Castle Kari |
||Castle Kari, Somersetshire, England
|Lord of Castle Kari |
||4 May 2004 |
- NOTES on ADAM De KARI:
1.) For centuries the castle has existed only in history, but the town where it was located is known today as Castle Cary and may thus be found on maps. It is in Somersetshire and twelve miles southeast of Wells. Castle Kari is said to be approximately four miles north of Cadbury Castle, that of King Arthur
2.) It is known that it was a fortified place in the time of the Saxons. About the year 1125, the Lord William Percival named 'Lovel the Wolf" erected strong fortifications at Kari.
3.) Much of the time during the reign of King Steven (1135-1154) the Barons were divided into two parties, The Lord Kari being opposed to the King.
4.) He made so much trouble that Stephen turned his whole attention to Castle Kari and took it. In 1153, it was beseiged again and nearly ruined.
5.) The Manor House stands on the east side of the street and was a stately edifice. During the wanderings of Charles II, when his army was defeated by Cromwell at the Battle of Worchester, the disguised King slept at Castle Cary on the night of 3 Sept. 1651.
6.) Reign of Henry II and Richard I.
ADAM is the first CARY name of record and was of French origin. His name was sometimes spelled Kari. He settled in Cockington village near Torquay, in the county of Devon, England, which is Southwest of London. It is believed he traveled to England from France in about 1198. ANN TREVITT or TREWIT was the daughter of Sir William Trevitt, a Knight. Some accounts state that ADAM was born at Castle Cary <http://www.castle-cary.co.uk/>, Somersetshire, England. TREVITT was also spelled TREWIT and TREVET
- Upon completion of his conquest of Britain, William Duke of Normandy,
subsequently, William I King of
England, ordered what has become regarded as the first modern census to be
taken. Once the assets of his new realm were inventoried, William started a
policy of Feudal grants to worthy officers in his service. In this manner, a
seris feudal "Manor Estates" with masters loyal to the crown were created
throughout the length and breath of England. One such estate ultimately
migrated into the hands of the DeKari family.
William's inventory, "The Domesday Book", as it eventually came to be called,
mentions the man, Adam DeKari. DeKari became the common version of this
family's name prior to it's evolution into the present CARY.
The town of Castle Cary has no recorded history prior to the Normans,
although a Saxon charter mentioned Cari in 725 AD. Actually, history tells
that the Romans controlled England from the southern coast to a demarcation
separating Roman Britain from Scotland at the narrow waist of the island
currently identified at "Hadrian's Wall". They controlled the island from the
sea in the east to approxamately the modern border with Wales. To protect
their realm from raiding Welshmen, the Romans built a seris of "Castri", or
fortified strong points along the western border of Britannia. One such
Roman castri was at the sitein Somerset that we now call Castle Cary.
Several years after the conquest, the Normans built a castle at the foot of
Lodge Hill, a small hill in the center of the present town thus giving the
town part of its name. The times following the death of William saw several
local disputes among the various Baronial Lords of the region. In 1138 King
Stephen* besieged the castle and forced its surrender by fire. Again in 1147
the rebuilt castle was subjected to siege in such a local conflict. Although
earthworks can still be seen on the side of Lodge Hill, no trace of the
original castle remains. Archeaological examination shows that the central
"Keep" was of Norman stone construction and further shows signs of
destruction by fire. It may be that the "Horse Pond" in present Castle Cary
is in fact part of the original castle moat.
*King Stephen of England was supposed to marry Matilda, Daughter of Henry I
(Capet) of France-he refused, that caused quite a stir and resulted in the
described action at Castle cary.
As "Lords of the Manor" it can reasonably be assumed that the "DeKARI " or
later " DeCary" or still later "CARY" people were addressed by the title
Further, it should be noted that since the events mentioned here occured
prior to or during the Reign of King Stephen, 1135-1154, and since Adam
DeKari was not born until 1170, all these events predate the documented start
of the Cary/DeKari line.
- The town of Castle Cary has no recorded history prior to the Normans, although a Saxon charter mentioned Cari in 725 AD. According to the Somerset Domesday Book, Castle Cary was held before 1066 by the Saxon Alfsi. The subsequent Norman holder of Castle Cary was Walter de Douai, son of Urso of Douai near Lille in Normandy. He was at the Battle of Hastings with William the Conqueror. He held 37 manors and extensive lands in Devonshire and a great barony. His chief domain was at Bampton, and from him descended the Barons of Bampton. He was noted as an under-tenant of Roger de Courcelle.
In 1086 Douai is mentioned in the Somerset Domesday book as holding Castle Cary which was his richest property in Somerset. Castle Cary or Kari in 1086 was a prosperous manor of 2,400 acres of plowland, of which 960 were held by the lord, 100 acres of meadow and woodland measuring one league by one half. It had three gristmills, 23 villagers, 20 smallholders, 17 plows, six slaves, eight swineherds, 50 swine 16 cattle and 117 sheep.
It is likely that early fortifications were built either by the Romans, Britons or the Saxons. At the time of the Norman Conquest (1066AD) the population of Cary was about 300 souls. By 1138 AD the Normans had built a castle at the foot of Lodge Hill, giving the town part of its name. By 1107, Castle Cary was held by Ralph Lovell whose father was probably Geoffrey de Douai, son of Walter de Douai, Baron Bampton who held Castle Cary at the time of Domesday. He was succeeded in 1121 by his son Baldwin Lovell, was succedded by Ralph II, a rebel against King Stephen. In 1138 King Stephen "beseiged Castle Cary with vigour and determination, and since his engine scattered fire and showers of stones among the beseiged and the pressure went on until their rations ran short, he at last compelled them to surrender." Later in the war in 1147, the king was fortifying Castle Cary and was set upon by the Earl of Glocester who routed him from the place. In 1166, Castle Cary was held once again by Henry Lovell, son of Ralph II. Although nearby earthworks can still be seen on the side of Lodge Hill, no trace of the original castle remains. Archealogical examination of the site indicates that the keep was 78 feet square and of early Norman construction. The presence of many burnt stones suggest it was destroyed mainly by fire, probably about 1155. It may be that the Horse Pond is part of the ancient moat.
Baron Lovel eventually became a supporter of King Stephen and continued as baron of Castle Cary after the end of the civil war. His son Henry Lovel who was tenant in chief at Castle Cary in 1166, married a certain Alice de Cary who may have been a co-heiress of the Bramptons. The relation between Allice de Cary and Adam de Cary is not known yet. According to Cary family history, Adam was a lord at Castle Kari in Somersetshire in 1198, forty years after the destruction of the castle fortifications, according to Sir William Pole. It may be that Adam held a portion of Castle Cary as sub-tenant of Ralph Lovel, son of Henry.
Castle Kari was four miles north of Cadbury Castle, the legendary Camelot of the of King Arthur. The town of Castle Cary now lies about 30 miles south of Bristol and springs near the town are the source of the River Cary. A certain Baron Dekari particpated in the Crusades in 1095, but is relation to Adam de Kary is not known.
- Sources for this family information are:
A.) The Cary Family in England by Henry Grosvenor Cary, published 1906 by Seth Cooley Cary, Dorchester Centre, Boston.
B.) Early History of Va. & Md. & 7 Centuries of Lines.
Virginia Room, Roanoke Va. Library, V. Ref. 929.2 K62e
C.) Ancestors and Descendants of John Quarles Winn and his wife Mary Liscome Jarvis
Winn 929.2 W
Jones Memorial Library, Lynchburg, Va.
Lynchburg Gen. Lib., Lynchburg, Va. copied June 20, 1996
D.) Carey Highlights: Yesterday for Tomorrow by Virginia Miller Carey, copyright 1983.
Dogwood Printing, P.O.Bo 716, Ozark, Mo 65721
E.) Plymouth Pilgrim by Seth C. Cary published 1911, Boston Mass.
F.) From the records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
G.) Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, James Savage 4 vols.
H.) Peirce's Colonial Lists of Plymouth & Rhode Island,. 1621-1700 by Ebenezer W. Peirce.
I.) The Cary Family in America. By Henry Grosvenor Cary. Appe...
Boston, (Press of Murray and Emery Company) 1907.
Henry Grosvenor Cary, 1829-1905
Virginia State Archives, Richmond, Virginia - July, 1996
J.) Edward Poole of Weymouth, Mass. and His Descendants by Murray Edward Poole - 1893
K.) 1820 Census of Cabell County, Virginia (WVA
L.) 1830 Census of Logan Co. VA. (WVA)
M.) 1850 Census of Lawrence County, Kentucky.
N.) 'The History of Logan Co.' By Ragland
O.) The McCoy's: Their Story by Truda Wiliams McCoy.
P.) Information for this family was given to me by Anna Lee Mayo Clay in Ballard,W.Va.
Aug.19, 1977. She was 75 years old and her memory was clear.
Q. Information for this family was given to me by Fanny Mayo, b.Dec. 25, 1904 in Ballard, WV,
Aug. 19, 1977. She was 73 years old and her memory was clear.